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August 24, 2016 23:11

Where and how to grow persimmon ?

Shortly before the New Year celebrations on the shelves of most grocery stores will appear two new kinds of fruit: tangerines and persimmons.If tangerines both appearance and taste reminiscent of oranges and some other citrus fruits, in the case of the persimmon is not the case - this fruit is unique, and no matter what else is similar.Today you will learn about some of its properties, as well as where and, most importantly, how it grows.

is believed that the persimmon supposedly grows in cold countries, but it is not.On the contrary, these trees can be found in warm and tropical countries, including Turkey, Spain, Italy, Australia, America, Tajikistan, China, Russia, etc.Sami trees and shrubs, which grow fruit, are a family of Ebony, the fruits of which many can be eaten.Homeland plants, apparently, is China, although exactly that scientists have not been able to prove.

The fruit plants are also referred to as persimmon.It is believed that this word has got to us from the Persian language, which

in the original, it sounds like "hormalyu", which literally means "date-plum".Why date?Because dried persimmon in flavor is really very much like the fruit of the date palm.

Returning to the fruit, not to mention their unusual taste properties - they knit, and sometimes so strong that the fruit has become almost impossible.To get rid of this unusual taste, persimmons need to either stand in a warm (which is often not possible, since the fruits are converted almost mashed) or freeze, as do we.

As mentioned above, the fruit grows on the bush or tree Ebony family.Undemanding plant, and is nearly independent of its type, requires little maintenance and is for excess moisture.At the same time is a cold-resistant - some varieties can withstand temperatures down to -45 ° C!However, these types are grown only in a few places on our planet, including North Ossetia.Most others can withstand the order of -20 ° C, which is also a quite good result.The only negative - the tree does not grow in certain soil compositions, although if you fertilize it with organic matter, it should be no problem.As for the fruits, they usually ripen in late autumn, when the leaves of the plant have fallen down.

Some gardeners do not mind to plant persimmon in their area.Can I do it?Theoretically, over time, plant can produce fruit, but most experts say it is unlikely to be able to withstand our winters and simply die.At the same time, for example, in the Krasnodar region with the cultivation of persimmon no particular problems.The main thing - to comply with certain conditions when planting a tree or shrub.

is worth noting that those few hardy varieties that can withstand extreme cold (-45 ° C and below), is currently available for conventional growers.The fact that they are still being tested and the stores will not so soon.But when it happens, almost anyone can enjoy the taste of his own grown persimmons.Hopefully, this will happen very soon.

By the way, about the kinds.Today there are about 200 species of persimmon, which can be eaten.At the same time, in recent years, breeders have brought a lot of new varieties, which differ from the usual fruits of both its appearance and taste properties.For example, the South American persimmon its size resembles a huge apple weighing up to one kilogram, and the color of her - dark chocolate, so it is called "black apple" or "chocolate pudding."cultivar was bred in Israel that does not contain bones and little knits, since the presence of tannin in it is minimal.Variety called "Sharon".And in the Caucasus you can find a variety of persimmon, a fruit the size of a pair of barely centimeters in diameter.