October 23, 2016 23:02

Dental Restoration : reviews .The procedure for restoration of teeth

Not everyone can boast healthy and beautiful straight teeth, but the modern cosmetic dentistry has made a huge breakthrough in the possibilities of solving such problems.This can be done by resorting to dental restorations.We will tell you what the restoration of teeth, as it happens, how to perform and what can be achieved by the existing methods.

What is the restoration and what it is

teeth restoration - a technique that allows you to restore the external appearance of the tooth while maintaining its functional capabilities, colors and a natural look.There are two types of restorations: direct (in stages restoring damaged part of the tooth through the layering of the composite material in small portions over the damaged area of ​​the tooth and the subsequent solidification of it with LED lamps) and indirect (the restoration of the damaged part of the tooth with the help of veneers, Lumineers, komponirov or ceramic crowns).

should also mention the possibility of the restoration of anterior (

front) teeth, it can be done in several ways:

  • Artistic restoration (capacity) - this method is used with a slight fracture of the tooth crown, recovery takes place by means of modern fotokompozitnogo material.
  • Restoring crown with vestibular side with the help of heavy-duty porcelain veneers or Lumineers.Running this procedure for several steps, which include the preparation of the tooth, removing prints, the production of the prosthesis and the time of the final fixing of the crown on the tooth.

advantages and possibilities of restoration

Restoration techniques of modern dentistry - is to restore functional ability of the teeth and their appearance.Uses technology can achieve such possibilities:

  • Recovery anatomically shaped completely destroyed crown of the tooth.
  • Remedy scherbinok, chips, cracks, effacement, diastema (crevices between adjacent teeth).
  • fundamental change tooth shape, its inclination and position, length, width, size.
  • Adjust color, tint, tone enamel.

How does direct restoration

process of restoration of teeth consists of several stages:

  • Preparations.It consists in carrying out sanitary cleaning of the teeth, the definition and selection of the color according to Vita scale.
  • Preparation restored cavity.If needed, the doctor makes a local anesthetic and begins preparation of tissue (the old seal is removed or drilled affected and damaged tissues of the tooth).
  • Insulation work surface.For this purpose, a cofferdam - a special latex scarf that protects the tooth cavity from saliva contact (moisture degrades the adhesion of the filling material to the surface tissues of the tooth).
  • Recovery anatomically shaped tooth.If necessary (in the destruction of the tooth crown by more than 50%), the doctor fixes the tooth in the channel pin.The crown of the tooth is restored with filling materials chosen taking into account the eve of the color.
  • final processing.It implies a final simulation, grinding and polishing applied seals.

holding indirect restoration

This technique, in addition to the work of a dentist, requires the participation of dental technicians, who in the dental made by pre-mix technique accurate models of your teeth and ready prosthesis (veneers, crowns, Lumineers).Running indirect restorations in several stages:

  • doctor prepares the tooth, slightly stachivaya its front surface (0.5-1.5 mm) After determining the color of mother of the future of the veneer.
  • then made the impression of the teeth of the upper and lower jaws, and then the doctor on the spot produces a temporary structure, which is fixed with temporary cement and is used by the patient prior to the date of production constant.
  • Cementation is made on a special, having high adhesive properties composite adhesive that glues the surface thoroughly mater artificial crowns to tooth structure.

Restoration possibilities of aesthetic and prosthetic dentistry is huge.Thanks to nanotechnology, is used in modern dentistry, you can pick up the color tone of the artificial material that fully simulates the enamel of a healthy tooth tissue (the tooth remains alive, it only removes the damaged or dead tissue).